Coal is set to be the leading option for power generation in Southeast Asia over 2011-2035, according to International Energy Agency (IEA) latest report entitled "Southeast Asia Energy Outlook". Coal share in Southeast Asias power generation will rise from 31 percent in 2011 to 48 percent in 2035.
"The rising share of coal in power generation underscores the urgent need to deploy more efficient coal-fired power plants," IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven said in a statement.
Electricity generation capacity in Southeast Asia will continue to grow steadily from 176 gigawatts (GW) in 2011 to almost 460 GW in 2035. Southeast Asias fleet of power plants shifts notably towards coal, which accounts for 40 percent of new capacity additions, while gas accounts for 26 percent.
According to the report, Southeast Asia will see a reduction in the surplus of natural gas and coal for export, as production is increasingly diverted to domestic markets. Its net gas exports are cut by more than three-quarters to 14 billion cubic meters in 2035.
The regions net coal exports also decline after 2020 as regional demand surges and demand in the wider Asia-Pacific market slackens. Indonesias coal production rises by almost 90 percent as it remains, by a very large margin, the worlds top exporter of steam coal.
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